Lexicon: Chamomile

Common Name: Chamomile Latin Name: Matricaria chamomilla Well known for its calming properties, chamomile is gentle but effective medicine. A healing wonder, dating back to Egyptian times, its uses range from digestive, muscle spasms, tension, inflammation and infection. This aromatic flower is reminiscent of the scent of apple. Rewarding to grow in the garden, once … Continued

Lexicon: Bergamot

Common Name: Bergamot Latin Name: Scarlet Monarda A favorite in our gardens due to its showy scarlet flowers, Bergamot is part of the mint family.  It’s foliage has a perfume fragrance reminiscent of the Bergamot Orange and its young leaves were infused for a beverage known by Native Americans as “Oswego Tea”.  It is also … Continued

Lexicon: Sumac

Common Name: Sumac Latin Name: Rhus glabra There are 35 species of the genus Rhus found throughout the world varying diversely in habitat, size and uses.  Sumac species glabra and typhina are shrubs grown in North America and found in fields, wastelands, grasslands and woodlands. Native Americans used the split bark of the sumac, and … Continued

Lexicon: Echinacea

Common Name: Purple Cone Flower Latin Name: Echinacea angustifolia A perennial native to North America, Echinacea has been used by Native Americans for hundreds of years for medicinal purposes and is now regaining its importance because extracts from its roots have been found to be effective in strengthening the immune system. More than 200 pharmaceutical … Continued

Lexicon: Chickweed

Common Name: Chickweed Latin Name: Stellaria media A common weed found in our garden beds, chickweed can be found worldwide almost anywhere there is moist cultivated soil. Not to be discouraged in your garden bed, its shallow roots provide living mulch for other garden plants. As herbal medicine chickweed is a favourite for skin problems. … Continued

Lexicon: Cayenne

Common Name: Cayenne Latin Name: Capsicum minimum A very hot pepper Capsicum’s name is derived from the Greek word, “to bite”. Legendary for its curative properties its helps to maintain well-being, and is a favourite for both medicinal and culinary purposes. Supreme for warming the system, cayenne gets the blood circulating; through cold fingers, toes … Continued

Lexicon: Burdock

Common Name: Burdock Latin Name: Articum lappa A bi-annual and tenacious herb, burdock is has been an important medicinal herb in Western folk medicine and traditional Chinese medicine for thousands of years.  Commonly known for its prickly seedpod that attaches to anything that passes by, this highly effective method for dispersing seeds was inspiration for … Continued

Lexicon: Bergamot Essential Oil

Common Name: Bergamot Essential Oil Latin Name: Citrus bergamia Small green fruit found in the Mediterranean, are not edible, but emit a wonderful scent! First mentioned in the seventeenth century Parfumer Francois, it was named after the town of Bergamo in Italy. Bergamot scents many colognes and flowers and flavours Earl Grey Tea. The scent … Continued

Lexicon: Horsetail

Common Name: Horsetail (Shavegrass) Latin Name: Equisetum arvense Horsetail has a recorded history going back 350 million years to the Devonian era. A living fossil, the plant at that time was as large as palm trees. The present living genus of the family Equisetaceae is the only living genus that reproduces by spores opposed to … Continued

Lexicon: Yarrow

Common Name: Yarrow Latin Name: Achillea millefolium A perennial found throughout the Northern Hemisphere Yarrow is characterized by a cluster of white flowers above a stem of lacy leaves (millefolium means “thousand leaves”). Yarrow received its Latin name Achillea from the legendary Greek hero Achilles. According to the common legend, Achilles’s mother dipped him into … Continued