Common Name: Bergamot
Latin Name: Scarlet Monarda
A favorite in our gardens due to its showy scarlet flowers, Bergamot is part of the mint family. It’s foliage has a perfume fragrance reminiscent of the Bergamot Orange and its young leaves were infused for a beverage known by Native Americans as “Oswego Tea”. It is also sometimes called “Bee Balm” as it attracts bees due to its blossoms secreting much nectar. Bergamot is also a good source of Thymol, an oil that has anti-septic properties.
Parts Used: Leaves
Actions: Stimulant, carminative, rubefacient
Medicinal Uses: An infusion of the plant is said to be good for colds, coughs, and sore throats. Native Americans used the leaf in poultices for skin infections and minor wounds. As a tea it has been used for colic, gas, colds, fever, nosebleeds, and to induce sweating. Historically it has also been used to expel worms and gas.
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